Initial Locations - Pilot Villages

In March 2008, TPP partner representatives selected two pilot communities - Milola in the south and Naitolia in the north - based on need, local capacity and receptiveness, and partner experience in the region.


Milola is located in Lindi Rural District approximately 62 kilometers from Lindi town. Milola village has population of approximately 9,000 people. Most families are agriculturalist who grow sesame for cash and rice and maize for food. Despite access to fertile land, agricultural production is low given lack of appropriate technology, unavailability of agricultural inputs, and lack of market access. Not surprisingly, the majority of families live below the poverty line.
There is one pre-school, two primary schools and one secondary school in Milola. The secondary school serves seven villages in the surrounding area. The most pressing challenges facing schools are: a shortage of trained teachers, inadequate classrooms, insufficient educational materials, and equal access to education for girls. There is a government-owned dispensary in Milola; however there is a shortage of qualified staff and inadequate supplies. The gravity-fed water system serves Milola and four other villages. However, the system due to its age the system is not functioning well enough to meet the water needs of the villages.


Pilot villages located in Milola and Naitolia

Naitolia is a small agro-pastoralist village with a population of about 1,300. Over half of the population is under the age of 15. The main ethnic groups that make-up the village are Arusha and Maasai. There is no centralized population center; instead bomas or households are spread out over about 10 km. There is no health dispensary or power source in the village. A seasonal stream and a borehole located 8 km from the village serve as the village's main water source but neither source meets village water needs. There are four pre- school centers which are open intermittently when teachers are available and a small primary school in the village with enrollment at approximately 450 students. Dropout rates are high and attendance is low. At times there is little food to eat at home so children come to school hungry and have difficulty concentrating. The secondary school is kilometers away.
Few Naitolia children can attend due to cost and distance. Most families raise cattle with herds of 5 to 800 head, although a significant percentage of cattle die due to disease and lack of water. Some families also raise goats, sheep, donkeys and poultry. Agriculture is challenging due to shallow soils, low rainfall and high annual variation. Crops suited to certain parts of this area include grasses, legumes, sorghum, bean, and wheat. Here too the majority of the families live below the poverty line.